Gum Disease

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also referred to as a periodontal disease, is a condition in which the tissues that surround the teeth are infected. There are 4 different tissues that surround your teeth. These tissues make up what is known as the periodontium:
●     Gums
●     Outer parts of tooth roots
●     Bone sockets that teeth sit-in
●     Ligaments connecting teeth to the sockets
If you feel like you maybe experiencing the symptoms of gum disease, contact the team at Luminescence Dentistry. We have the experience and expertise to successfully treat your gum disease and support overall oral health in the future.

The leading cause of gum disease is improper oral hygiene. When you don’t brush and floss your teeth regularly, tartar remains on the teeth and turns into plaque- which causes the gums to become infected and inflamed.
However, there are several other risk factors associated with an increased risk of developing gum disease, including:
●     Tobacco products contribute to slow healing
●     Misaligned teeth are harder to keep clean and create spaces for tartar and plaque to accumulate
●     Hormonal changes cause blood vessels in gums to be more susceptible to attack by bacteria and chemicals, which increases your risk of developing gum disease. This is especially true during puberty, when the incidence of gingivitis increases to 70% to 90%.
●     Cancer and treatments for cancer can increase your risk of infection and gum disease
●     Alcohol has a negative impact on oral defense mechanisms
●     Stress impacts your body’s immune response
●     Mouth breathing can cause gums to be irritated and inflamed because they are not protected by the lips
●     Poor nutrition and hydration can cause plaque to form- especially if your diet is high in sugars and simple carbs and low innutrients such as vitamin C
●     Underlying health conditions such as diabetes canimpact circulation and the ability of your gums to heal
●     Certain medications, such as those for seizures,can increase the risk of gum disease
●     Infrequent or no dental careDry mouth/poor production of saliva

Stages of Gum Disease

There are two stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.


The most common cause of gingivitis is improper dental hygiene. This is the earliest stage of gum disease. Many patients have gum disease and don’t know it because they have few to no symptoms. However, your gums may bleed or turn red and swell when brushing and flossing. It is critical to treat gum disease at this point before it escalates into periodontitis, which is an advanced form of gum disease.


There are three levels of periodontitis (mild, moderate, severe), which is a more advanced form of gum disease. When gingivitis is not properly addressed, patients develop periodontitis. This condition occurs when plaque gets below the gum line, producing toxins that trigger inflammation. By the time gum disease reaches this point, you’ll notice your gums receding, and gaps around your teeth will deepen. You may experience bone damage and tooth loss.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Gum disease is one of the most common dental conditions that dentists treat. The problem is that many patients don’t even realize they have it until it has advanced to the more serious stages. However, it is treatable. If you notice that your teeth are more sensitive than usual, your gums are receding, or your gums are bleeding and/or swollen, you may have gum disease. This is why regular dental visits are critical- so these issues can be detected early and resolved before they advance too far.

Preventing Gum Disease

One of the best ways to prevent gum disease is with proper oral hygiene, as well as consuming a diet designed to support oral health.
Taking the time to brush and floss regularly will keep your oral bacteria in check and prevent plaque from sitting on your teeth long enough to turn into tartar.
When it comes to your diet, make sure that you are getting adequate vitamins and other nutrients to reduce and/or prevent inflammation. One of the major fuel sources for plaque-forming bacteria is simple carbs. Reducing your intake of these foods can prevent gum disease. Finally, you can also eliminate major gum disease risk factors by avoiding smoking and supporting your overall health.

When Should You See a Dentist?

Gum disease is a common condition. In fact, many patients at Luminescence Dentistry have it and don’t even realize it. As long as it is detected early on before it progresses into something more serious, it’s easy to treat. If you have any of the following symptoms, you should schedule an appointment with our clinic right away.

Red/Swollen/Bleeding Gums

This is typically the first indication that you have a problem. Some patients notice some blood in the sink when they spit after brushing their teeth. Others may see redness along their gum line. If you have these symptoms or your gums are irritated and swollen, see a dentist as soon as possible.

Receding Gums

Another common sign of gum disease is receding gums. If your teeth look longer or you can see your gums separating from your teeth, you may have gum disease and should see a dentist. Most patients believe that receding gums are just part of the aging process, but they can also be an indication of a dental problem.

Persistent Pain

In some cases, patients have pain before any other signs of gum disease appear. In addition to the pain, you may have pus, mouth sores, or bad breath.
If you have any of these symptoms, contact a dentist immediately.


If you’re in or near Dallas, TX, and you have concerns about gum disease or other dental issues, schedule a consultation today. Dr. Tyagi graduated from the University of California San Francisco in 2012. After that, he practiced general dentistry for 7 years before completing a 3-year residency in Prosthodontics at Rutgers School of Dental Medicine. Therefore, he has the knowledge and expertise to treat your gum disease.

Gum Disease FAQs

Dental issues can be complicated, but the team at Luminescence Dentistry in Dallas, TX, will work with you to help you understand your condition. Below are some of the most common questions we hear when it comes to gum disease:

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a condition that affects the tissues that surround the tooth. If not addressed, you may experience pain, tooth loss, and so much more.

What causes gum disease?

The most common cause of gum disease is a lack of oral hygiene. However, there are other causes, including tobacco and alcohol use, misaligned teeth, poor nutrition, dry mouth, and more.

Is gum disease treatable?

Yes, gum disease is 100% treatable. At Luminescence Dentistry, we offer several methods, including root scaling and planing, professional dental cleaning, bone grafts, soft tissue grafts, flap surgery, bone surgery, and guided tissue regeneration.